The after-effects of war on a person can show itself in a variety of ways, some of which are physical, and others of which are psychological. Below are listed some of the most common diagnoses for veterans. Helpful links have been included for your convenience.
Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that affects thousands of veterans. PTSD can cause the brain to sense stress and danger in even the most benign situations. Stress and fear take over at unexpected times, causing much mental anguish. Treatments for PTSD generally involve psychotherapy or medications. These two are often used in conjunctions with one another. Treatments are dependent on the severity of the symptoms. Therefore each PTSD sufferer may be treated in different ways. The list below goes over some treatment options for PTSD.
Panic attacks stem from an anxiety disorder that causes recurring, yet unexpected attacks of extreme fear. These attacks can last minutes to hours. During a panic attack, the person will experience at least four of the following symptoms within 10 minutes. Severe panic attacks can be followed by at least a month of constant fear of having another attack. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.shtml/
Depression is a serious medical illness in which feelings of sadness, anger, loss, or frustration are long-lasting and get in the way of everyday life. Clinical depression is categorized by severity from mild to severe. http://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.shtml/
Amputation is the partial or entire removal of a body part covered by skin. Removal of the body part usually occurs during surgery in a hospital operating room. It is done to stop the spread of gangrene, diabetes, arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), or any other condition that weakens blood flow. Amputation is also performed to impede the spread of bone cancer and to minimize loss of blood and infection in a person who has endured severe, irreparable damage to a limb. http://www.amputee-coalition.org/ http://amputeenews.com/default.aspx
Many veterans have been exposes to seriously harmful chemicals, herbicides, pesticides, solvents, and other toxic materials. The notorious Agent Orange is just one of them. These toxins can lead to a number of various health issues, which could end up having life-long effects. http://www.publichealth.va.gov/exposures/