Common Diagnoses

Severe or temporary low back pain may last a few days to a few weeks. Intense back pain usually results from trauma to the lower back or a disorder such as arthritis. Trauma to the back may stem from a sports injury, doing household chores or working in the garden, or a car accident.
American Academy of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgeons
American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Diabetes is a disease of disordered metabolism, usually due to a combination of hereditary and environmental causes, resulting in unusually high blood sugar levels, also known as hyperglycemia. Blood glucose levels are regulated by the hormone insulin made by the beta cells of the pancreas. The two most common forms of diabetes are due to either a reduced production of insulin (type 1), or weak response by the body to insulin (type 2 and gestational). Both types of diabetes lead to hyperglycemia, which mainly causes the acute signs of diabetes: excessive urine production, which consequently results in increased thirst and fluid intake, blurred vision, unexplained weight loss, lethargy, and changes in energy metabolism. If it is not controlled, diabetes and its treatments can cause many severe side effects such as, hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis, or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma.
Type 1 diabetes can only be treated with injected insulin. Most doctors will also strongly recommend dietary and other lifestyle adjustments as part of the treatment.
Type 2 is usually controlled with a combination of dietary treatment, tablets, and frequently, insulin supplementation. Insulin can also be delivered continuously by a specialized pump which provides insulin under the skin through a temporary catheter.
American Diabetes Association

Fibromyalgia is a syndrome that causes chronic fatigue, painful pressure points and generalized muscle pain. While the syndrome does not cause damage to joints or tissue it does cause significant pain. This can make living with fibromyalgia very difficult. Even though it is not truly a form of arthritis it is considered a rheumatic condition.The causes of fibromyalgia are not fully understood. Most agree that the theory of central sensitization comes closest to explaining the illness. This theory states that people who have fibromyalgia have a lower threshold for pain due to an increased sensitivity in the brain to pain signals. This causes the sufferer to experience an amplification of pain and other senses. Recent studies suggest that individuals may have a genetic predisposition for fibromyalgia. Though for some the onset of the disorder is slow, for most people the onset is sudden and triggered by an illness or trauma.
NIH – Fybromyalgia FAQs

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a swelling of the lungs and airways. The most common forms of COPD are chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
American Lung Association

The most common heart disease is coronary artery disease, which occurs when the arteries that run to the heart become damaged or diseased. The damage occurs when plaques, or fatty deposits, buildup on the artery walls. These deposits narrow the arteries, causing your heart to receive less blood. Eventually complete blockage can occur, causing a heart attack. The causes of coronary artery disease relate to the reason plaques are building up on the walls of the arteries.
American Heart Association

Cancer is the ramped growth of abnormal, malignant cells in the body. There are hundreds of cancer types, many of which are deadly.
American Cancer Society

TBI, also known as acquired brain injury or head injury, is a result of sudden trauma that causes damage to the brain. Depending on the damage to the brain, symptoms can range from mild to severe.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Hypertension is also knows as high blood pressure. It occurs when the force of blood against the artery walls is too strong. This can lead to damage in your arteries, heart and kidneys. Unfortunately, unless you have your blood pressure taken on a regular basis, you may have no idea that you have hypertension. Symptoms only occur when the pressure is extremely high. Generally there are no noticeable signs or symptoms of high blood pressure. Nearly 1/3 of the people suffering from hypertension do not know they have it. Getting your blood pressure checked on a regular basis is the often the only way to detect hypertension. Symptoms of high blood pressure do not occur until your blood pressure is very high.
American Heart Institute

Crohn’s disease is a disorder that affects the digestive tract. The digestive tract, also known as the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, can be affected at any point, from the mouth to the anus. However, it most commonly affects the lower part of the small intestine. The symptoms of Crohn’s disease are easily confused with other disorders of the GI. Because of this it is important that you carefully monitor any and all signs and symptoms and report them to your physician. Symptoms may come and go. People who suffer from crohn’s disease often experience symptom free days, even years. However, the disease is chronic and most people will relapse many times in their lives.

Asthma is a disease that affects your airways. Your airways are the tubes that transport air to and from your lungs. If you’re asthmatic, the walls of your airways can feel sore and become swollen making them ultra sensitive and reactive to things that you are allergic to or find irritating. As a result, your airways become constricted and your lungs receive less air. This can cause breathing problems, especially during the early morning hours and at night, wheezing, coughing, and tightness in the chest. The majority of people with asthma will experience wheezing attacks separated by periods where they will be symptom-free. A number of asthma patients are affected by long-term shortness of breath and go through bouts of increased shortness of breath. For others however, the principal symptom may be a cough. Asthma attacks may last a few minutes or span out to a number of days. Attacks may be life-threatening if the airways become severely constricted.
American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

Schizophrenia is classified as a mental disorder that makes it difficult to distinguish between reality and imagined experiences, have logical thoughts and typical emotional reactions, and behave normally in social situations.
National Instute of Mental Health

Bipolar disorder results from disturbances in the areas of the brain that regulate a person’s mood and is characterized by intervals of exhilaration (referred to as mania) alternating with intervals of depression. The fluctuation between mania and depression can be sudden. During manic periods, a person suffering from bipolar disorder may act on sudden urges, have lots of energy and a larger-than-life attitude. The depressed period causes the person to feel extremely anxious, not worthy, and have suicidal thoughts.
National Institute of Mental Health

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is a problem with distraction, hyperactivity, impulsivity, or a combination. For a child to be diagnosed as ADHD, their behavioral problems must be out of the normal range for the child’s age and development. ADHD affects school performance and interpersonal relationships.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a disease that slowly destroys a person’s immune system. Consequently making it difficult for the body to fight infections. Given that infections can occur throughout the body, HIV can manifest itself through a number of illnesses.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the last and most serious stage of the HIV disease. During this phase of the disease, the person’s immune system is severely damaged.

A spinal cord injury occurs when a trauma affects the spinal cord. This can happen when the vertebrae that surround the spinal cord break, shatter or dislocate. The violent movement of the vertebrae can force a piece of the vertebrae, disc material or ligament to tear into the spinal cord tissue.
During most spinal traumas the spinal cord itself does not sever completely. Instead, the axons, nerve cells that carry signals from the brain to the body, are crushed or destroyed. The extent of the damage depends on how many of these axons are destroyed.
Mayo Clinic – Spinal Cord Injuries

Joint swelling is the accumulation of fluid in the soft tissue surrounding the joint. Joint swelling may be a byproduct of Osteoarthritis, trauma, Gout, rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Enteropathic Arthropathy, infection, Ludwig’s Angina, Psoriatic Arthritis, Reiter’s Syndrome, Lupus, or Hemarthrosis.
American College of Rheumatology

RSD is also referred to as Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, is a rare nerve disorder. Although doctors are unsure of the root cause, people diagnosed with RSD feel intense pain, typically in the arms, hands, legs or feet after experiencing an injury to a nerve. The skin surrounding the affected area may be extremely sensitive and may burn, and dramatically change in temperature and color. Unfortunately, there is no known cure.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an auto-immune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord (also know as the central nervous system). People who suffer from MS experience difficulty controlling small movements.
National MS Society
NIH – Multiple Schlerosis FAQs