Cardiomyopathy is a disease that affects the heart muscle.  During the course of the disease the heart muscle becomes inflamed and doesn’t function properly.

Cardiomyopathy falls into two categories; primary and secondary. 

Primary cardiomyopathy may not have a specific, easily identifiable cause. 

Secondary cardiomyopathy is due to a specific cause such as high blood pressure, heart valve disease, artery diseases or a congenital heart disease.

There are three forms of cardiomyopathy:

  • Dilated
  • Hypertrophic
  • Restrictive

Signs and Symptoms

During the early stages of the disease there may be no noticeable signs or symptoms.  However, as the condition advances symptoms may appear.  The following are some of the more common signs and symptoms of cardiomyopathy:

  • Breathlessness with exercise or at rest
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles and feet
  • Bloating of the abdomen
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heartbeats that feel rapid, pounding or fluttering
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting

If you have any of the above symptoms please see your physician.


Treatments of cardiomyopathy are designed to manage any conditions that cause the cardiomyopathy, control the symptoms, stop the progression of the disease and reduce complications.

Treatments include:

  • Medication
  • Surgery
  • Non-surgical procedures
  • Lifestyle changes


If you or someone you love has cardiomyopathy or any disabling condition please contact an associate at Disability Help Group today.  Your condition may qualify you for long-term, veterans’ or Social Security disability.